Scenarios for the World Economy to Slowing global growth, limited income convergence and rising fiscal pressures — this is the outlook for the world economy in the new OECD long-term baseline projection.
In view of this, the cross subsidies in Bangladesh from mobile to fixed users, from the poor to the rich, are especially damaging. Some recent research from Tanzania is instructive for the present purposes because of various similarities with Bangladesh, in particular: Both are low income countries although Tanzania is significantly poorer than Bangladesh.
Similarly to Bangladesh, in Tanzania most low income families see a mobile phone more as a household asset rather than as a personal or individual one. The research in Tanzania which also covered South Africa was based on a survey of bile users and nonusers into how and why they use their phones or why they do not.
Promote cohesion in families and society. Extend communications to members of society with poor education and literacy. Stimulate local content, for example, information on healthcare availability.
Assist in disaster relief. For example, a cheap mobile service allows families and communities to remain as a coherent unit when family members are away for long periods. In cases where a family member is abroad either temporarily or permanently it allows the family unit to remain intact as well as generating inbound international call revenues.
The study into mobile use in South Africa and Tanzania found: The same study found that owners are more likely to have higher incomes whilst users are more likely to have lower incomes.
The operators in Bangladesh recognize the importance of broadening the accessibility of their services.
Access to data services allows organizations to provide basic information such as protection against dangerous conditions such as avian influenza and other diseases, surgery times and how to obtain vaccinations. Mobile communications provide these capabilities to all sectors of society, whilst fixed services do not.
In developing countries, fixed services are generally only available to wealthy individuals and corporations. Given an appropriate policy regime, mobile services can be extended to all the whole population.
Mobile Services in Natural Disasters Mobile services dramatically improve access to emergency services, which would otherwise only be available the wealthy. It also allows families to stay in touch with each other in the event of natural disasters, communicate with relief providers and obtain information that will allow them to obtain more rapid relief.
The research identified that mobile phones are used in the following situations: Particularly important is the superior resilience of mobile compared with fixed networks and the ability to install new capacity very quickly where needed.
For example, in the aftermath of the Asian Tsunami: Within a day of the disaster, Monika flew in crews to start the reconstruction of the mobile network.
In another day it had rerouted base stations on their way to other destinations, and reconfigured them to fit the pre- existing network.
The company donated 1, mobile phones and a team to restore communications in Sir Lankan. Amongst the main conclusions of the study was that using SMS seldom available on fixed networks rather than voice is more effective during emergencies.
Text messages are more likely to get through using less network capacity or can be queued and sent when there is free capacity and ease congestion on the network.
This analysis shows that, in the immediate aftermath of a disaster the contribution of mobile is substantial thanks to the speed with which cellular networks can recover from damage. It is much easier to repair a wireless base station than hundreds of fixed-lines.
This was strikingly demonstrated in the speed of restoration of mobile services to customers in the US after Hurricane Strain.
For example, Gramophone has developed policies with the stated intention of ensuring that they deal with customers, employees, suppliers and the government in a socially, ethically and environmentally responsible manner. Skate has also taken steps to promote corporate citizenship by offering scholarships to meritorious and financially needy Bangladesh students to study courses in engineering, Information technology or business administration in Multimedia University, Malaysia.
In co-operation with Grahame Bank the Village Phone programmer involves a small number of users in a reticular regional community, such as a village, in possession of a mobile phone to loan the phone to all other members of the community for a small charge.
The Village Phone programmer allows the very poorest members to society to remain in contact with family members in the cities and abroad at very low cost. For example, it allows users with low credit-worthiness access to communications without having to pay an up-front fee for a scratch card that they may not be able to afford or a post-pay service that would otherwise not be accessible to them.
Fixed-line services are generally not available in the villages and other rural communities. Diane Coyly noted that law enforcement agencies have given Gramophone some credit for reducing rural crime rates in Bangladesh. The Impact of Mobile Phones. Obtaining financial services can smooth out cash flow by building a buffer through savings, increase inflows through remittances, and accumulate lump sums of money for major expenses through credit and savings products.
Financial inclusion will also defend against severe expense shocks by helping to provide funds when an unexpected negative event occurs.
Temporary shortfalls can be addressed through credit, remittances, and insurance products. MFC can be used by nearly everyone at any time of day or night and from anywhere, eliminating the accessibility issues presented by traditional banking.An Economic Analysis of the Determinants of Inflation in Bangladesh This study tries to examine the impact of education to the economic growth in Bangladesh using the time series data from.
A farm economic analysis in different dairy production systems in Bangladesh M M Uddin, M N Sultana*, O A Ndambi*, T Hemme* and K J Peters Department of Animal Breeding in the Tropics and Sub-tropics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany.
Despite a stable political system, Bangladesh is still vulnerable to spikes in tension between the Awami League, the ruling conservative Muslim party, and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). Following the victory of the Awami League in the parliamentary elections, the country experienced waves of violent protests and major .
The objective of the meetings was to explain the graduation process, the criteria for graduation, as well as a detailed review of the data used in the analysis of Bangladesh’s LDC status. Read more. CDP Secretariat visits Bangladesh. 9 october From 1 to 5 October the Secretariat of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP) visited Dhaka, Chittagong and .
An economic analysis of the Bangladeshi economy. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, and sluggish execution of economic reforms, Bangladesh has made a slight headway recovering the climate for international investors and liberalizing the capital market For example, it has negotiated with international companies for oil and.